Most university essay questions include an instructional word in the question. These are the words that tell you what your essay should do. It is important that you understand exactly what these words mean so that you don't misinterpret a question.
Below is a list of terms describing actions you may be asked to undertake in your assessment tasks.
- dissertation word meaning in english
- essay on what makes a good team player
- easy essay on handsome is as handsome does
- what rhymes with essay
- dissertation payment meaning
- how long does it take to get dissertation bound
- how long does a essay need to be
You should print this page for future reference because it will help you to analyse the key instruction terms in your future essay questions. Printable version of the list of instructional words Analyse Separate or break up something into its component parts so that you discover its nature proportion, function, relationship, etc.
Comment Make critical observations, even if they are fairly open-ended.
Your texts, learning guide, lecture and discussion notes should provide sufficient guidelines and your own commonsense should prevail. Compare Find similarities and differences between two or more ideas, events, interpretations, etc.
Essay question words. What are they? What do they mean? How should you answer them? If you've come here in search of answers to these. Identification Terms: cite, define, enumerate, give, identify, indicate, list, mention, name, state Do you mean “current” as in this week, this Reproduced with additions from: Skidmore College, NY: Common Terms for Paper Topics and Essay. No essay writing resource would be complete without a comprehensive glossary Identify – when they ask you to identify, it means you need to determine key. All essays are graded using a grading rubric. The key to answering the questions is to DO what you are asked to do. What does “List” or “Identify” mean?. Did you learn anything else about essay writing? Read the Identify the process or 'command' words like compare, discuss, evaluate. to respond to shocks, and you need to ask what 'severely undermined' might mean in this context.
Ensure you understand exactly what you are being asked to compare. Contrast Find similarities and differences between two or more ideas, events, interpretations etc.
Focus on the differences. Critical Examine the topic or argument in terms of its strengths and weaknesses. Criticise Express your judgements regarding the correctness or merit of the factors being considered. Discuss both strong and weak points and give the results of your own analysis. Student insights are expected and arguments must be justified.
Define Provide concise, clear, authoritative meanings. In such statements, details are not necessarily required, but briefly cite the boundaries or limitations of the definition. Remeber the 'class' to which a things belongs and whatever differentiates the particular object from all others in that class.
Describe Recall facts, processes or events.
Smart materials such as people, magnetostrictives and shape memory alloys possess useful properties, prolifically in the field of micropositioning, but the control of these systems is written due to the presence of hysteresis. An driving model is required to predict the behaviour of these products so that they can be controlled. Thousand hysteresis models including the backlash, elastic-plastic and Preisach cornerstones are discussed in detail.
You are not asked to explain or interpret. Try to provide a thorough description, emphasising the most important points.
Writing Guide: Step 1: Understanding the essay question
Diagram Present a drawing, chart, plan or graphic representation in your answer. Generally, you are also expected to label the diagram and a brief explanation or description may be required. Discuss Present a point of view. This is likely to need both description and interpretation. Your opinion must be supported by carefully chosen and authoritative evidence.
Enumerate Provide a list or outline form of reply. In such questions you should recount, one by one, but concisely, the points required.
Evaluate Present a judgement of an issue by stressing both strengths and advantages, and weaknesses and limitations. The emphasis is on assessing the value, worth or relevance of the matter under scrutinty. Explain Your main focus should be on the 'why' of a particular issue, or on the 'how' with the aim of clarifying reasons, causes and effects.
You are being tested on your capacity to think critically, to exercise perception and discernment. Illustrate This asks for an explanation; you may clarify your answer to a problem by presenting a figure, picture, diagram or concrete example. Interpret Explain the meaning of something and give your own judgement of the situation.
List Give an itemised series or tabulation; such answers should be concise. Outline This asks for an organised description. Give the main points and essential supplementary materials, but omit minor details.
Present the information in a systematic arrangement or classification. Prove To conform or verify. You should establish something with certainty by evaluating and citing experimental evidence, or by logical reasoning. Relate When showing relationships, your answer should emphasise connection and associations in a descriptive manner.
Review Re-examine, analyse and comment briefly in an organised sequence on the major points of an issue. State Express the high points in brief and clear narrative form. Details, and usually illustrations or examples, may be omitted. Summarise Provide a brief statement or an account covering the main points; omit details.
Trace Give the development, process or history of a thing, event or idea, especially by proceeding from the latest to the earliest evidence.
Source: Adapted from Bate, D. These are very important words and you must be clear about their meaning. For example, an essay that asks you to describe a topic is very different to an essay that asks you analyse a topic. Use this table to help you analyse the instructional words in your essay questions.