Newman used the idea of development of doctrine to defend Catholic teaching from attacks by some Anglicans and other Protestantswho saw certain elements in Catholic teaching as corruptions or innovations.
He relied on an extensive study of early Church Fathers in tracing the elaboration or development of doctrine which he argued was in some way implicitly present in the Divine Revelation in Sacred Scripture and Tradition which was newman essay from the beginnings of the Church.
He argued that various Catholic doctrines not accepted by Protestants such as devotion to the Blessed Virgin Maryor Purgatory had a developmental history analogous to doctrines that were accepted by Protestants such as the Trinity or the divinity and humanity of Christ.
Such developments were, in his view, the newman essay and beneficial consequences of reason working on the original revealed truth to draw out consequences that were not obvious at first. This view, mixed in with philosophical currents such as vitalismimmanentism and historicismwas at the heart of the modernist controversy during the papacy of Pius Xand was condemned in the encyclical Pascendi dominici gregis.
If you do so, you will add a powerful tool to your office repertoire. Here is an explanation: Each of the newman essays of Summa Theologica is focused on answering a newman original question. Aquinas notes that clear questions can be discussed in two ways - in the affirmative yes and in the salary no. An answer to a question is not complete until it assigns both sides yes and no.
Although modernist intellectuals such as George Tyrrell and Alfred Loisy did at times cite the influence of Newman's ideas on their thinking, their goal article source not so newman essay to understand the ancient roots of Church doctrine but to make it change meaning, according to their own ideas in the liberal spirit of the times.
In Philip Schaff 's inaugural address as a professor at German Reformed Seminary, he described the Reformation as "the legitimate offspring, the greatest act of the Catholic Church".
In addition, the Protestant slogan Semper reformanda implies a form of ongoing doctrinal development. Eastern Orthodoxy[ edit ] Eastern Orthodox theologians reject the concept of doctrinal development outright, instead arguing that the entire deposit of faith has been present in the Church from the very beginning, and has never changed.
However, authors such as Daniel Lattier have argued that some older Eastern Orthodox thinkers did not reject the concept outright, and that Eastern Orthodoxy may allow a form of doctrinal development, albeit more limited than Western forms of it.